Home Startup Nation: The Best Startup Capitals for Entrepreneurs in 2023 

Startup Nation: The Best Startup Capitals for Entrepreneurs in 2023 

The last few months have been an unprecedented time for entrepreneurs and startup founders on the market. Tightening of monetary policies has led to skyrocketing interest rates as central banks try to manage rampant running inflation, supply chain issues persist despite the fact that the pandemic is now in the rearview — and venture capital funding has looked to dry up almost overnight.

Figures provided by Crunchbase show venture capital funding dropped by 33% in Q3 2022 compared to Q2 and almost 53% down from the same time in 2021. The days of lavish seed funding rounds are over — for now, at least.

Entrepreneurs Want a Great Place for Their Startup

A slowdown in economic activity has made it increasingly challenging for entrepreneurs to establish themselves against the backdrop of reluctant consumer spending and recession risks. Even some of the most prominent startup household names in Silicon Valley saw their demise last year — and everyone entrepreneur and startup face this fear. In the coming months, we could see a few other popular startups falter as venture capital investors tighten their purse strings even further.

Do Not Fear! This is an Opportunity!

While it looks as if 2023 will pose tremendous challenges and opportunities for entrepreneurs, it’s perhaps time that startup innovators set themselves up financially and look toward capital cities that provide them with a startup ecosystem that can help their businesses flourish.

Keeping in mind that some capitals can provide growth opportunities for startups due to their well-educated workforce, funding possibilities, and lenient tax regulations — the hard work remains on the shoulders of entrepreneurs stepping onto the battleground to secure their spots at becoming the next big innovators and leaders of their industries.

A Tourist Destination

These capitals are more than top tourist destinations, and while it wasn’t possible to include nearly as many of the best places there are for startups; from scenic Iceland that brought us Alvotech, Contralant, and CCP Games. To Enpal and Moss, reigning from Berlin, Germany, here’s a rundown of some of the world’s best startup capital for 2023.

United States

San Francisco Bay

Home to Silicon Valley, which houses some of the most prominent tech startups and multinational firms, the San Francisco Bay area remains one of the top startup hubs in the U.S.

In recent months, Silicon Valley has featured quite a bit in the news, as some high-profile household tech companies have been laying off droves of employees. Yes, the Ode of the tech valley has taken a hit — and we look forward to when they are back on top. But for now, at least, as big tech companies have been reducing headcount to curb financial scrutiny against the backdrop of slower-than-usual economic activity and investment, we know there will be changes coming.

Yet, despite these challenges, and ongoing layoffs, from Meta and Amazon to Google and Dell, the San Francisco Bay area remains one of the best spots for entrepreneurs who want to rub shoulders among the wealthy and prominent.

Competition is tight, but recent layoffs and uncertainty have created new possibilities for entrepreneurs.

New York City

With over 9,000 tech startups, and a startup ecosystem worth over $189 billion, New York City is second to the Silicon Valley Bay area. Like over in California, competition here is hot, and demand for high-tech innovation from food, climate tech, and agri-tech is constantly growing.

Aside from the possible wealthy investors — one might come across here, New York City has a diverse ecosystem that sees more than 410,000 women-owned companies — and nearly half of the city’s workforce — 46% — are immigrants.

The Big Apple is no shy contender on our list, and with a dynamic, highly skilled, and educated workforce, entrepreneurs can have their pick of the lot. Getting a foot in the door is a bit more of a challenge for small-scale startups, but New York City is all about who you know and not what you know.

United Kingdom


As the capital of England, the seat of the British Parliament, and one of the largest cities in the United Kingdom, London provides a competitive and thriving startup ecosystem for entrepreneurs that find themselves on the other side of the Atlantic pond.

There are over 11,770 investors in the UK, and close to 4,500 of them are currently located in London. Tech scale-up has been a massive driver for the local startup ecosystem, and non-VC or angel investing is also a growing market here.

However, competition remains strong, and in recent months, inflation and other economic factors have made it increasingly challenging to land investment deals. Timing entry and delivering a product or service that will thrive under these conditions will help entrepreneurs scale up their startups and grow within a fast-paced environment.


Another potential option could be Cambridge, a city that has been ranked as one of the best places to start a business in the UK. Unlike London, the competition here is slightly less arduous, and entrepreneurs could find themselves working alongside innovators and thought leaders.

There has been steady growth in the Cambridge Silicon area, which enables entrepreneurs a chance to showcase their talents and provide contemporary services or products outside the competitive markets of London.



For decades Estonia has been at the forefront of technological and business innovation in the Baltic region. Similar to neighboring Latvia and Lithuania, Estonia, and more so its capital, Tallinn has become a playground for startup-hungry entrepreneurs.

While the country itself is small compared to other Western European big leagues, Tallinn has a HeatMap Trust Score of 93%, and in recent years government intervention and financial support have made it one of the most prominent places in the Baltic region for startups and startup accelerator programs.

Although the city is relatively small in terms of economic growth and influence as compared to other European places like Amsterdam, Paris, or Berlin, there are still quite a lot of economic benefits and government aid programs that seek to boost its startup ecosystem.


Further north in Stockholm, Sweden’s economic growth and standards of living have been rapidly on the rise in recent years. As of 2020, the country was ranked as the second most innovative globally. While there are some key challenges to its startup ecosystem, including low international ambition among entrepreneurs and a small population, the general consensus ranks Stockholm among one of the best places in the world for startup entrepreneurs.

Stability, prosperity, and a highly-educated workforce are among the main benefits that entrepreneurs can seize here. Some of the biggest startups in the city focus on fintech, big data, robotics, food tech, wearables, and lifestyle goods. While the city is small in comparison to other major European destinations, many successful startup founders have ranked it among the likes of London or Paris.

Shortcomings related to labor and international ambition create a widespread opportunity for innovation, allowing entrepreneurs to take advantage of its connected country ecosystems such as those in the UK, United States, Finland, Norway, and Denmark, among others.



Singapore has, in recent years, boasted as one of the best places in terms of standard of living and quality of lifestyle in Pacific Asia. A Startup Ecosystem Index 2022 report ranked Singapore as the second-best startup ecosystem in the region, taking the place of its predecessor, China which moved one spot down to third.

The city-nation has a strong public support system for startups, which allows entrepreneurs to snag up valuable investment deals from a list of both domestic and foreign venture capital investors.

Government incentives for startups have seen incentivized programs such as the so-called Technopreneurship Investment Fund allocate around $2 million to new startups if they are successful candidates. The city has produced some of the region’s most notable startups, including Lazada, Capillary Technologies, and Dignify, among others.


Officially known as Bengaluru, this Indian city has seen some sporadic and enthusiastic startup growth in recent years, as the country’s need for technological innovation related to agri-tech and food-tech development has amounted to thousands of new startups calling Bangalore home.

If you’ve ever heard of Flipkart, the popular eCommerce platform, then you’ll be glad to know that its headquarters are located within the city. As a prominent destination for startup innovators and entrepreneurs from across the country, Bangalore offers growing opportunities for individuals who are looking to solve real-world problems with real-world digital solutions.

Ongoing global macroeconomic problems and stubbornly high inflation have seen VC funding inch lower in recent months. Still, public support for the startup ecosystem has remained steady as the government seeks new interventions to help reboot its startup economy.

Middle East and Africa

Dubai and Riyadh

Recent reports have ranked both Dubai and Riyadh as the top destination for startups in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Competition in the region has been neck-on-neck, with other contenders such as Tel Aviv, Be’er Sheva, and Ness Ziona also posting promising opportunities in the region.

Both these cities provide an almost futuristic approach to next-generation innovation in terms of technology, with agri-tech, food tech, IoT, and digital software taking the lead. In 2022, the focus surrounding cloud-computing and artificial intelligence-driven platforms took center stage at the GITEX 2022 conference.

It’s a tight market to enter, seeing that the region often promotes more domestic and homegrown startups. Still, in terms of monetary investment, both these cities offer entrepreneurs a wealth of groundbreaking opportunities.

Lagos (Nigeria) and Cape Town (South Africa)

The African continent has rapidly developed its startup ecosystem in the last few decades. More of the continent’s population has become connected to the internet, and ongoing government support to upgrade digital infrastructure has been widespread.

As of 2022, Lagos, Nigeria, has been ranked as the top startup ecosystem, with Cape Town in South Africa taking second place, according to Statista.

Coverage from last year showed that more than 70% of the $1.7 billion of venture capital investment came from startups located in Lagos. During the last six months of 2022, around $1 Billions were invested into Lagos-based data centers, as the Nigerian government has been promoting more progressive regulations for digital innovation and foreign investment.

South Africa has been ranked as the number 1 country for startup innovation in Southern Africa, with the country seeing its VC investments grow from $50 million in 2015 to more than $350 million by 2021. Cape Town, one of the leading cities for fintech, with 61 fintech startups and EdTech innovation, is home to both JUMO and Teraco Data Environments, both some of the country’s biggest and most successful startups.

Latin America

São Paulo

As one of the most populous cities in Brazil, São Paulo has a significant number of new companies and startups that have established themselves in recent years, as the country and continent become hot spot destinations for foreign investment.

The country boasts one of the largest economies in the world and in Latin America. In more recent times, its consumer market growth has enabled entrepreneurs an opportunity to position themselves at the center of this expansion. One of the key elements that make São Paulo so popular among startup founders is that the area enjoys ease of access to international trade with the continent.


The Colombian city of Bogotá, located at the center of the country, has become a playing ground for sprawling startups, with a startup ecosystem valued at just under $10 billion as of 2021. While this is small in comparison to the global average and other more advanced economies, this Latin American capital is fueling an innovative and creative industry that is ranking it among some of the top players on the continent.

The Founders Institute, one of the world’s largest startup pre-seed accelerators, currently offers programs in Bogotá as part of an initiative to help support local entrepreneurs with the tools, knowledge, and finance to establish their startups and businesses. Currently, fintech, proptech, and eCommerce are among the strongest sectors in the area, and ongoing international investment provides entrepreneurs with a wealth of new opportunities as the region develops.

Final Thoughts

Although this list only provides a small drop of the outstanding startup capitals out there, it’s hard to say which country or city will take the baton this year to become a leading innovation hub for entrepreneurs and pioneers.

While economic challenges may persist, new opportunities will present themselves in a different form this year, giving entrepreneurs a space to rethink and restrategize, developing the tools and resources that can solve real-world problems through real-world solutions.

Ongoing public support, international investment, and more progressive regulation are helping some developing cities stand up to the plate, bringing with it a new wealth of economic and inventive accomplishments.

Featured Image Credit: Photo by Andrea Piacquadio; Pexels; Thank you!

About ReadWrite’s Editorial Process

The ReadWrite Editorial policy involves closely monitoring the tech industry for major developments, new product launches, AI breakthroughs, video game releases and other newsworthy events. Editors assign relevant stories to staff writers or freelance contributors with expertise in each particular topic area. Before publication, articles go through a rigorous round of editing for accuracy, clarity, and to ensure adherence to ReadWrite's style guidelines.

Jacob Wolinsky
CEO of Valuewalk

I am the founder and CEO of ValueWalk a popular investing site. Before working at ValueWalk full time, I was as a stock analyst first at a micro-cap focused private equity firm. After that, I worked as a stock analyst at a small and mid cap focused research shop. Following that, I worked in business development for hedge funds. Despite having an investing background, I am fascinated by tech and am currently working on a few tech related apps. Stay tuned for some news on that! I live with my wife and four kids in Passaic New Jersey.

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