GoogleOS: What To Expect

Written by Emre Sokullu and edited by Richard

There’s no such thing as the GoogleOS in reality – but despite that, it is one of the
most talkedabout Web products. People can’t stop discussing it – and even
imagining screenshots for it! Seems like everyone expects Google to get into direct competition with Microsoft, by
releasing an operating system. However Google refuses such claims and even makes fun of this kind of buzz. Nevertheless we decided
to analyze where Google may be heading with their product strategy – and from that
determine what are the chances of a GoogleOS.


We see 3 scenarios for a GoogleOS:

  • A web based desktop (i.e. operating system)
  • A full featured Linux distribution
  • A lightweight Linux distro and/or BIOS

We’ll try to explain each of these in detail – then in the conclusion, make our prediction. What’s more, we think this could be less than 6 months away from happening.

A Web Based Operating System

If you asked “what will a GoogleOS look like?” – most people would answer that it’ll
be an AJAX-powered copy of the Windows desktop. In other words, a WebOS (aka webtop). To remind you of what a WebOS is, it is
basically a virtual desktop on the web and has various built-in applications. Google
already has a history of producing web-based products that mimic desktop apps – Gmail was
the first desktop client like email reader, and now they have Google Docs &
Spreadsheets, Google Calendar and other desktop-like products. Also note that Google’s
internal open sourced widget toolset, GWT, allows them to replicate any desktop capability.

On the other hand, a bunch of startups like YouOS , Goowy, DesktopTwo, Xin and open source eyeOS are already tackling this exact problem
– and have been for a while now. So if Google engineers are not already working on their
own webOS project, they may want to snap up one of these! AJAX powered YouOS, which is a
yet another Paul Graham
investment, seems like the most obvious choice at this time.

Screenshot from YouOS

Besides the startups we’ve already mentioned, there may be other surprises that Google
looks at for WebOS purposes. Meebo, for
instance, has created a very large user base with their web-based meta instant messaging
product (it enables you to use multiple IM services on the same webpage). IM is a crucial
application, because many people spend a lot of time on the computer IM’ing. So Meebo
could use IM as a base – and utilize the empty spaces on their page for new

Meebo OS with fictional Calculator application (taken from YouOS)

30 Boxes also has a webtop offering,
but it looks less promising than their calendar. Start pages like NetVibes, PageFlakes and WebWag could also potentially enter the webos business.

A Full Featured Linux Distro

Another possibility for Google is to create their own Linux-based operating system.
The free license of Linux allows anyone to create their own version of Linux. 
Although Linux is the most popular operating system in the server market and it’s free,
it is still far behind Windows and MacOS in the desktop market. Some believe this may
change with the latest enhancements to the Linux user interface.

This scenario is a more traditional model to replace Windows – with a direct
competitor, instead of creating a web-based replacement. Indeed this has already been
widely speculatedUbuntu, a semi-free Linux derivative, was rumored to be acquired by

If this scenario happened, Google may open up their operating system as a free download
and promote it on their homepage – as they once did with Firefox. They could also make a
networked file system the default, instead of the complex UNIX file hierarchy of Linux –
which is another reason why Linux struggles in the mainstream desktop market.

A Lightweight Linux Distro or BIOS

A lightweight Linux distro is a possibility. For example an OS that simply booted up
the computer, connected to the internet, and then opened Firefox. Then leave the rest to
Google’s web sites and apps. This is possibly the most logical strategy, because Google
could then create a homepage that connects all their services and applications – and
people will have the freedom to use other web sites and services as well.

Similar concepts already exist. For instance, Puppy and Damn Small are 2 credit card sized Linux distros. The good thing
about these is that you can carry them everywhere you go – putting the credit card sized
CD or the USB drive into your pocket and using your own operating system anywhere you go.
Why? Because these distributions don’t need to be installed and can work directly from
the CD or the USB drive.

ByzantineOS, a dead
project now, was doing exactly this. Its sole purpose was to boot up and open a Mozilla
based window manager – but then you could not get out of your browser window!

A screenshot of ByzantineOS, showing the user stuck inside the browser

However, Google may be considering an even more radical solution and planning to
replace BIOS with their own version. BIOS means ‘basic input/output system’ and it is the
built-in software that determines what a computer can do – for example it controls the
keyboard and display screen. Google’s latest sponsorship of LinuxBIOS may be a step towards researching this.
In that case, Google could agree with hardware vendors to pre-install Google’s BIOS-based
operating system.

Conclusion: GoogleOS will tackle Microsoft’s Vista OS head on

We believe that everything will become much clearer in the following 6 months.
Microsoft will put pressure on Google with its Vista OS, which will receive relatively
high adoption just like any other new Windows release (although probably not as high as
historically Microsoft has enjoyed!). As Vista’s adoption increases, so will the adoption
of its default search engine Live Search. From Microsoft’s perspective, this will have a
positive effect on all Live and MSN sites. What end users are looking for is ease-of-use
and satisfactory experiences – which in a lot of cases starts from the Vista

In that scenario, Google’s usage rates may be negatively affected. So we predict at
that point, Google will start a more punchy strategy – pushing Firefox and some form of
Google OS. Yahoo! has already responded to the Microsoft threat in a friendly fashion, by
offering a customized IE7 for its users. But we think Google will be more aggressive and
competitive and will push their own OS. The GoogleOS may be a reality within 6

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